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WEST NILE VIRUS PREVENTION AND CONTROL

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mosquito season in Indiana runs from May 1 through October 1.  Most mosquitoes in Indiana DO NOT come from swamps, rivers, streams, farm ponds, or lakes -- they come from our own backyards.  The best protection against mosquitoes and West Nile virus (WNV) is prevention -- prevention of mosquito breeding sites and prevention of mosquito bites.  The mosquito vectors shown here  breed in large numbers in human habitats.  Here are some things YOU can do to reduce the mosquito population and help protect yourself and your family from West Nile virus:

 

 

 

HABITAT CONTROL

Oftentimes, because of their location on private property, sites such as those mentioned above cannot be managed by governmental mosquito control programs.  They must be eliminated and managed by the property owner.

 

 

STIMULI THAT ATTRACT MOSQUITOES

For mosquitoes that feed during the daytime, dark-colored clothing is attractive.  Their eyesight is poor, and the dark coloring looks like the shadows where they like to hide.  Carbon dioxide is an attractant and can be detected by mosquitoes at distances up to 120 feet.  When we exhale, we are attracting mosquitoes.  At close range, skin temperature and moisture serve as attractants.  Floral fragrances from perfumes, soaps, lotions, and hair-care products may also attract mosquitoes.

 

 

 

REPELLENTS

You can also help prevent West Nile virus infection by not going outside when mosquitoes are biting, and by using mosquito repellents.  

 

IR3535

 

 

SKIN-SO-SOFT

 

 

 

CITRONELLA

 

 

BITE BLOCKER

 

 

 

 

 

PERMETHRIN

 

 

LARVICIDING AND ADULTICIDING

 

Homeowners can do a lot to reduce mosquitoes around their homes.  Many times, though, they have no control over sources such as catch basins, agricultural waste, or wetlands. 

 

INEFFECTIVE MEANS OF REDUCING MOSQUITO BITES